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Age spots and pigmentation are often a cause for frustration. Although many assume that this problem is inherent in the people of rather mature age, it is not so. Unfortunately, skin pigmentation can appear regardless of age. This problem can occur out of nowhere, the reason for this lies in the uneven distribution of melanin pigment. And this is the result of either external influence on the skin, or health problems inside the body.
The external causes of skin pigmentation include:
- Disregard for the rules of tanning: the rejection of sunscreen cosmetics and long exposure to the sun;
- Traumatic skin peels, removal and cauterization of pimples;
- Wrong cosmetics;
- The use of alcohol-based remedies on the skin.
The internal causes of pigmentation:
- Diseases of internal organs (kidneys, liver, gastrointestinal tract, etc.);
- Hormonal misbalance in the body;
- Lack of vitamins and microelements responsible for the skin condition.
High level of skin pigmentation is typical for the summer period, when the spots appear on face after tanning and aggressive influence of ultraviolet radiation. The sun triggers production of melanin, resulting in skin pigmentation. However, the sun is not always the cause of pigmentation. Aging, stress, hormonal changes, sexually transmitted diseases and diseases of internal organs are also the catalysts of the pigmentation process. Also important is the genetic factor, when age spots, freckles, moles and other defects appear because of heredity.
Freckles are often found on the face. They appear on the nose and cheeks under the influence of an active ultraviolet radiation. The reason for that is a long sun exposure and a genetic factor.
Melasma are large pigment spots, characteristic of young women, which may occur in a stressful period for the woman's body as pregnancy, breast-feeding, stress, medications.
Birthmark is very common for skin. A mole can appear on any part of the body regardless of age. It is important to treat this skin defect with great care to control the growth rate, size, and shape.
White spots can represent the phenomenon of "vitiligo", or be a consequence of malnutrition, depriving, or be at all a nevus, devoid of pigment.
Senile angioma is similar to the red dots, they may appear after 30 years, and in fact, are skin-vascular benign formations. The main cause of senile angioma is ultraviolet radiation and insufficient moisture of the skin.
With the appearance of skin pigmentation, it is important not to try to mask the problem but find its cause. It is necessary to abandon traumatic skin habits, change your diet, analyze your daily cosmetics ingredients, and identify potential internal causes of pigmentation. Doctor's consultation is required, rarely, but still pigmentation can be malignant.
Getting rid of skin pigmentation is quite difficult, but possible. Modern means are quite successful with this defect and can often achieve excellent results. For this you need to find the right care and the right cosmetics that will help solve the problem. Decorative Cosmetic is practically useless for camouflaging skin pigmentation. To get rid of spots at all, or make them virtually invisible use special cosmetics for this purpose.
In each case, the approach to elimination of defects must be individualized. Care for pigmented skin can be divided into three groups, depending on the chosen method of the defect correction:
- Natural remedies
Natural remedies are often quite useful in the correction of pigmentation, however, only in those cases where the defect is pronounced weakly. As a means to get rid of pigmentation are widely used: lemon, cucumber, grapefruit, and strawberries. These ingredients are good for making masks, tonics and creams. Also, for prevention of pigment spots, be sure to regularly eat citrus.
These are preparations that contain: kaolin, acids (acetic, salicylic, and lactic). In many creams there exists a toxic substance called hydroquinone or its derivative, the glycoside of hydroquinone. Unfortunately, the use of such creams is harmful even at low levels of the substance.
- Salon treatments
Great for skin pigmentation are salon treatments such as: laser surgery, chemical and ultrasonic peels, microdermabrasion, and mesotherapy. All of these methods although effective, but are pretty aggressive to the skin.
The best method for the correction of unwanted pigmentation is, of course, the "right" cosmetics that you can use at home. It should contain safe and effective ingredients, as well as to possess the properties of salon treatment.