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During adolescence and teenage years, serious changes occur in the human body, including hormonal changes. Hormone levels increase, testosterone level rises, the production of sebum increases which blocks the pores, and in addition, more keratin is produced (protein that protects upper layers of dermis). Because of this the skin becomes thicker and consequently promotes clogging of pores. All these bodily changes contribute to the formation of acne and pimples on the face skin.
Therefore, during youth, the skin requires everyday care, and it requires proper and right care - and this is the guarantor of elastic and supple skin in the future.
So, we suggest step by step to consider each stage of skin care.
Step 1: Facial cleansing
Proper cleaning will help remove makeup, pollution, impurities, excess sebum and sweat from the surface of the skin. It's best to start your day with a cleanser designed for your skin type, such as foam or gel.
If the skin is of normal type, it can be washed with ordinary water. For dry skin, we recommend using lotions designed for dry skin, then just apply a light day cream containing oils and moisturizers.
For oily skin, you need to wash your face thoroughly. Use cosmetic soap, gel or other products specifically for oily skin.
It is also necessary to cleanse the face at the end of the day, to remove makeup residues, dirt, oil, dead cells that sit on the skin. In addition, it is necessary to systematically carry out a procedure of deeper skin cleansing (peeling). Depending on the type of skin, the frequency of these procedures will vary. Dry and normal skin is enough to peel once a week. Oily skin needs a deeper and more intense cleansing - 2-3 times per week.
Step 2: Toning
Toning is the next key step. Using a tonic helps in balancing the pH level of the skin. After applying the tonic, the appearance of the skin improves and cosmetics are more easily absorbed and assimilated, therefore, their effectiveness is increased. Also, the use of tonic is necessary for the final cleansing of the facial skin. The purpose of toners is to soften and prepare the skin for the next step.
Step 3: Exfoliate
The procedures of exfoliation allow you to make the skin softer and smoother, and also contribute to the effectiveness of cosmetics. However, in order to prevent skin irritation, we recommend that you use only those products that are specific to your skin type. There are a number of cosmetics, medical procedures and home recipes that you can resort to, to exfoliate facial skin. However, teenage skin exfoliates itself pretty well, so most likely you should not do it yourself, as you can overdo it, especially when it comes to scrubs. Often, the skin needs more moisture, rather than exfoliation. Therefore, it is best to consult with a dermatologist in advance regarding how to properly carry out the exfoliation procedure, and whether to carry out this procedure at all.
Step 4: Moisturize
The most common mistake at this stage is the use of products that do not match the type of skin. The classification of fat, dry, normal and combined, exists for a reason. You need to understand what dry skin needs and what products to use for the different types of skin. For example, oily night cream perfectly moisturizes and nourishes dry skin that needs moisture, as for the oily type it is completely unsuitable, as it clogs up the pores of the face even more, which can contribute to the formation of acne. Therefore, before buying cosmetics, consult our specialists or do the test by yourself. You should know that the best cream is the one which not only moisturizes, but also fits easily onto your skin. We can recommend light gel moisturizers based on a water structure, since they contain the least amount of oil, wax and emulsifiers, as well as creams that say “non-comedogenic” and “non-acneogenic”, which means that the product will not clog pores and will not cause breakouts. Search for Acne/Problem Skin products in our store for suitable products.
Additionally, you can use serum.
Sometimes one stage of moisturizing is not enough, you can raise the skin care regimen to another level, in this case, you can use serum before the moisturizer. Serums contain a high concentration of active ingredients, and a small molecular structure allows it to penetrate the skin at a deeper level. This product is usually very light, so it is well absorbed into the skin, reducing the likelihood that the cream will block the pores.
Step 5: Masks
If possible, it is best to do face masks 2-3 times per week, and you can apply them only to a cleansed face, otherwise the nutrients contained in them will not be able to break through to the deep layers of the skin, and as a result there will be no effect of the procedure you carried out. The main thing is to follow the recommendations of application. Furthermore, after the mask, the face needs a moisturizing or nourishing cream.
The use of spot creams to get rid of acne
To get rid of pimples, blackheads and acne, which bring serious discomfort to the lives of most teenagers, you need to properly choose the effective remedy. However, before you start to deal with acne, you need to understand where the cause of acne lies. The main thing is that everyone should understand that there are no universal remedies; there is a specific remedy for each problem. It can be ointments, creams and gels. Acne is not easy to deal with, the process is long, but nothing is impossible!